Stage 1 breast cancer mammogram

Stage 1 breast cancer mammogram

Are you diagnosed with breast cancer? Did your doctor ask for a mammogram? What are the stages of breast cancer?

We are going to discuss breast cancer stages and how they appear in mammogram including stage 1 breast cancer mammogram

Also, we will show you the methods of treatment.

Why breast cancer stages

Breast cancers are not all the same, as they are different in many ways.

Breast cancer stages differ from each other in prognosis, localization of tumor or it has spread, and the method of treatment also differs in each stage.

What is stage 1 breast cancer?

Stage 1 breast cancer mammogram

Before we discuss stage 1 breast cancer mammogram, let’s take a look at stage 1 breast cancer:

  • It’s the earliest stage of invasive breast cancer
  • The tumor measures up to 2 cm in diameter
  • No lymph nodes involvement
  • Tumor cells have spread into the surrounding breast tissue (still localized)
  • They are not yet spread into the systemic circulation

Furthermore, Stage 1 breast cancer is hard to be detected as it’s small in the size, so self-examination and routine screening can help in detecting this stage earlier while cancer can be treated.

Stage 1 breast cancer categories

  • Stage 1A:
  •  Tumor measures up to 2 cm in diameter or smaller (about the size of the pea)
  •  Tumor has not spread outside the breast.
  • Stage 1B:
  •  Small clusters of cancer cells that do not exceed 2 mm
  • They found in lymph nodes
  • No tumor inside the breast or the tumor is small (2 cm or less)

Stage 1 breast cancer mammogram

A radiologist could search for any area that doesn’t appear like normal tissue that has characteristics like white areas and high-density tissue.

A mammogram can’t give a final word about the tumor if it’s benign or malignant as it shows the size and the shape of the mass only.

Stage 1 breast cancer mammogram appears as a focused white area on the mammogram measuring up to 2 cm in diameter but it’s not yet diagnosed as stage 1.

A doctor will ask for additional tests to make sure if it benign or malignant tumor and if it’s malignant, then at which stage.

Treatment of stage 1 breast cancer

Well, you now may have an idea about stage 1 breast cancer mammogram so, if doctor diagnosed you with it, the treatment includes:

  • Surgical treatment

A lumpectomy or mastectomy are the possible options for stage 1 breast cancer.

A doctor will decide according to the site of the tumor, how large is it, the size of the breast, genetic background, and other factors.

  • Radiation therapy

It the preferred treatment of stage 1 breast cancer but it’s not recommended for people over 70 years old especially if hormone therapy is suitable.

Radiation depends on using high-powered beams of radiation to kill cancer cells (most radiation treatments use external beam radiation)

  • Hormone therapy

If breast cancer is ER+ or PR+, hormone therapy can work efficiently.

Hormone therapy acts by preventing estrogen growth that causes enlargement of tumor size.

  • Chemotherapy

If the cancer isn’t responding to hormonal therapy as triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), the doctor will recommend chemotherapy.

In some populations breast cancers can respond to hormones, however, they still may undergo chemotherapy after making the required tests.

Conclusion

  • Stage 1 breast cancer mammogram appears as a focused white area like any other tumor, so more investigations will be required.
  • Stage 1 breast cancer is the earliest invasive stage.
  • Regular self-examination and routine screening can help you to detect if cancer present in its early stages so it can be treated.
  • Radiation therapy is the standard therapy for breast cancer.
  • Hormonal therapy is mostly recommended for people who are PR+ or ER+.

Sources

https://www.cancercenter.com/cancer-types/breast-cancer/stages

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322760#stage-1

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322068#breast-cancer-mammogram

https://www.healthline.com/health/breast-cancer#treatment

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