Does antimicrobial kill viruses?
After being in what we consider it as “Pandemic” because of a virus, we ask ourselves a question before buying any product in these events, does this product which has the name of “Antimicrobial” that will help to keep our homes, schools, offices, and other public places hygienic can kill viruses also? If you continue reading this article you will know the answer to this question with its explanation.
What are viruses?Does antimicrobial kill viruses?
It is a very small biological agent that reproduces within the cells of a living host that can not be seen with the human eyes, the host cell gets order too produce more copies of the virus about a thousand or more at a hight uncommon rate.
Unlike most organisms, viruses do not have divisible cells, as they are multiplicates in a host cell as viruses contain genes which give them the ability to mutate and develop to new forms with more properties. More than 5,000 viruses we know till now.
After all the development of the knowledge, the origins of the viruses are still unclear as some have evolved from plasmids which are parts of DNA that can be transmitted between cells, while others have evolved from bacteria.
What are consists of viruses?
- The virus consists of two or three parts:
- Genes made from DNA or RNA, molecules that carry genetic information.
- Protein layer that protects the genes.
- Virus envelop which is present in some viruses which are around the protein layer that uses a specific receptor to enter a new host cell.
- Viruses differ in shape from simple helical and twenty simple surfaces to more complex phage.
- Virus sizes range from 20 to 300 nanometers.
How viruses can be transmitted?
- Viruses spread in several ways. Also, many viruses are very specific to the host species or tissues that attack them, and each type of virus depends on a specific method of spread.
- Plant viruses often spread from plants to plants by insects and other organisms, known as vectors.
- Some animal viruses, including humans, spread by exposure to infected bodily fluids.
- Viruses such as influenza spread through the air with drops of moisture when people cough or sneeze.
- Viruses such as Norovirus are transmitted through the oral-anal route, which includes contamination of hands, food, and water.
- The rotavirus often spread through direct contact with infected children.
- Other types, such as dengue virus, include blood-sucking insects.
Infections by a virus can affect humans health and cause viral infectious diseases furthermore, it affects animals, and plants as well. However, usually, the immune system fights and try to eliminate, which gives the host’s lifelong immunity against this virus.
Antibiotics do not affect viruses, but antiviral drugs used to treat life-threatening infections. Vaccines which give us lifelong immunity can protect our body against viral infections.
What are the Antimicrobial agents?
There are two organization regulate the use of anti-microbial products as the first one is the Environmental Protection Agency that is known as EPA said that the use of antimicrobial products constricted as a pesticide which is used on discs, countertops, and equipment, while FDA (Food and Drug Administration) use the anti-microbial products as antiseptics which is used to stop diseases between people and living humans and animals, that’s why you should notice the label on the products you are going to buy if it has an EPA which is contraindicated to be used on the body or FDA label that can be used safely on the body’s skin.
What Antimicrobial products consist of?
- Alcohol is usually ethanol in aerosol disinfectants and rubbing alcohol.
- An Oxidizer Hydrogen peroxide.
- Chlorine bleach does not necessary to be present in the pesticide only as it can be used as a cleaner also.
- Quaternary ammonium chlorides.
- Pine oil.
- Phenolics as chlorophenols or phenylphenols.
- Triclosan may be present as it Chlorinated phenolic compounds.
By knowing its contents, Antimicrobial products known to kill or delay the spread of microorganisms that include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoans which present in a lot of forms as soaps and mouthwashes which have bacterial and virus-killing properties which will contain FDA label, while agents which are called antibiotic that act inside the body, antifungals, antibacterial, disinfectants that used on the surfaces and antiseptics which is known as sterilizers they can not kill viruses, they only kill bacteria.