Is Antimicrobial the same as Antibacterial?
- Many people can not differentiate between these two terms
- They always thought that both are the same and doing the same function
- These terms often used interchangeably, therefore, they really don’t
- If you are one of these people you have to read this article till the end to know what is the difference between antimicrobial and antibacterial products if they are the same or not.
Before answering the title’s question Is Antimicrobial the same as Antibacterial?
you have to know what is the meaning of microorganism?
or what is called microbe and the meaning of Bacteria?
What is the microorganism?
From its name, they are microscopic organisms that can not be seen with the human eyes as they require a microscope to be seen.
Scientists found that there is no environment on Earth have not these tiny sized organisms exist on its surfaces as they have a very important vital role in maintaining the Earths’ being.
What are the Bacteria?
Bacteria are prokaryotic organisms that are microscopic as they are not visible to the naked eye, as they consist of a simple internal cell structure, and they can live in different places and environments such as soil, oceans, and within the bodies of living organisms.
The proliferation of Bacteria
- Most of the bacteria depend on their reproduction on a theoretically simple process which is binary division.
- The cell in this process needs to double its growth twice the initial size, then it divided into two halves so that the divided part contains a full copy of the genetic material, and in order to be able to remain alive must choose the appropriate time and place for division.
- There is a group of bacteria that uses unusual patterns and forms of division to multiply, such as multiplying more than once so that several atomic cells produced, or multiplying by budding.
- They multiply by division, where a single cell makes a copy of their DNA
- Their size increases by doubling the cell content, and there are types of bacteria that multiply by donation.
Composition of bacteria:
The composition of bacteria is very simple if we compare it to eukaryotic cells. It consists of:
1. Cell wall: It is a shell that mainly helps to support the cell, provide mechanical strength, and rigidity, in addition to this, it protects the cell from exploding in low-concentration media and mainly composed of glycoproteins.
2. Capsules: They are similar to jellies in their composition, as they are made of thick sugars, protect bacteria from chemicals and dehydration, act as a backup food preservative, and also affix the cell parts together.
3. Flagella: It is a solid round tail, which is responsible for the movement of the cell clockwise and counterclockwise, and also helps it in rotation.
4. Plasma Membrane or the cytoplasmic cell membrane: which is a semi-permeable membrane because, it allows the transport of certain substances inside and outside the cell, and helps in the formation of a mechanical barrier for it, and consists of phospholipids, proteins, and carbohydrates.
5. Cytoplasm: is a storehouse of chemicals and ingredients that maintain the life of bacteria, and helps in cellular growth, metabolism, and cloning.
6. Ribosome: is a small granule consisting of proteins and Ribonucleic acid. The protein synthesized within it and helps to transfer the genetic code.
7. Plasmid: It is abundant in bacteria and is a small circle of its own DNA, through which the DNA exchanged between bacterial cells.
8. Pilli: are protein-bound and smaller than flagella, as bacteria help to keep them in place.
Classification of bacteria:
The bacteria have been classified based on different measures.
They can be classified by the Gram dye, their shape, the presence of flagella, the need for oxygen.
Are Microbes and Bacteria are the same?Is Antimicrobial the same as Antibacterial?
- All bacteria are microbes, while not all microbes are bacteria
- The term microbe includes bacteria, fungus, and maybe include viruses, and at the same time,
- All antimicrobial products are antibacterial as they can be safeguarding against fungi, viruses, and algae,
- While the antibacterial products are constricted to kill bacteria only, and they can not be called antimicrobial.
- Therefore, the term Antimicrobial is broader than the term of being Antibacterial as it adds more line of defense against
- Microorganisms compared to what antibacterial can offer.
So, the answer to the title’s question is NO
They are not the same, although they mean different, they used interchangeably.