nitroglycerin patch sublingual tablets
What are these nitroglycerin patch nitroglycerin sublingual tablets for?
Nitrates (nitroglycerin patch sublingual tablets)can be used to prevent chest pain ( angina ), reduce the number of angina attacks, relieve pain during an attack, and treat symptoms of heart failure . Nitroglycerin is a type of nitrate.
How do these drugs work?
Nitrates are vasodilators, which means that they widen (dilate) blood vessels to facilitate the flow of blood and allow more oxygen-rich blood to reach the heart. Better circulation means your heart no longer needs to work as hard. Nitrates relax the veins so less blood is returned to the heart, which can reduce the workload of the heart.
How to take these drugs?
There are different forms of nitrates:
Tablets: sublingual (to be placed under the tongue) or buccal (held under the lip or inside the cheek while waiting for their dissolution).Topical ointment or patch that transmits nitrates through the skin.Sublingual spray to spray on or under the tongue.
Always consult your doctor or pharmacist to find out when and how to use your specific medicine.
What should I avoid if I am taking these drugs?
Avoid smoking if you are taking nitrates as this decreases their effectiveness. Also avoid drinking alcohol as this amplifies the effect of the medication.
What if I take other medications?
Nitrates can interact with other drugs. So be sure to tell your doctor if you are taking any other medications, prescription or non-prescription, over-the-counter, or natural health products (vitamins and minerals, herbal remedies, homeopathic remedies, herbal remedies traditional products such as traditional Chinese remedies, probiotic products and other products such as amino acids and essential fatty acids).
Among the drugs that can interact, we find:
Viagra (sildenafil) – Avoid taking Viagra for less than 24 hours after taking nitrates. Combined with nitrates, Viagra can lower blood pressure and cause dizziness, feeling weak, fainting and other more serious side effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist for other medicines or herbal remedies that can treat erectile dysfunction.High blood pressure medicationsCertain heart medicationsOver-the-counter cough, cold, and flu remediesHerbal remedies for coughs, colds, and over the counter flu.
Consult your doctor or pharmacist for other essential information about your medicines.
What else should I tell my doctor?
Always tell your doctor about all of your medical history, especially if you are over the age of 60, have had a recent stroke or heart attack, or if you have severe headaches, anemia (iron deficiency), or glaucoma. You can also talk to your doctor about how effective nitrates are at managing your angina. Your doctor may adjust the dose of the medication or suggest other ways to manage your condition.
What are the most common side effects?
Some of the most common side effects of nitrates include headache, flushing, dizziness, loss of consciousness, drops in blood pressure (hypotension) and irregular heartbeat ( arrhythmias ). Therefore Report any side effects to your doctor.
A healthy diet low in fat, especially saturated fat and trans fat, a smoke-free life, reduced alcohol consumption, physical activity and a reduction in your stress levels are also important measures to reduce risk of heart disease. Talk to your healthcare professional about how to successfully change your lifestyle.
For more detailed information
Health Canada provides health and medical information to help the people of Canada maintain and improve their health. Learn a lot more about the safe use of medicines , Safety and effectiveness of generic medicines, and Buying medicines through the Internet .
Pharmaceuticals database provides information on drugs marketed in Canada.
MedEffect Canada provides safety warnings, warnings and recalls about public health.
Your health organizations also provides important and useful health resources in your province or territory. For example, Ontario has a MedsCheck program that provides free consultations with the pharmacist on the safe use of medications. British Columbia has a senior health care web page that provides information about important health programs.